(Persons Listed in Politics Guide Are Not of Unity Party Unless Noted Otherwise)

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The United States Senate is the upper chamber of the United States Congress which, along with the House of Representatives, comprises the legislature of the United States.

Per the Constitution, the Senate is composed of 100 Senators, each of whom represents one of the 50 states in that state’s entirety along with a fellow Senator. Each state is equally represented by two Senators who serve staggered terms of six years each (see below for the three “classes” of senators). Up until 1913, US Senators were appointed by their state legislatures; following the ratification of the 17th Amendment they are now directly elected by the voters.

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